Author: Paul Amico

Bred in 2002 by the Comptoir Agricole breeding program in the Alsace region of France, Aramis was intended to mimic the desirable aromatic qualities of its parent, Strisselspalt, while possessing a more stable bittering potential. Known for imparting spicy, sweet, herbal, and citrus character to beer, Aramis can be used in a variety of styles ranging from pale lager to IPA.

Alpha: 5.5 – 7.5%
Beta: 3.0 – 4.5%
Cohumulone: ​​20 – 22% of alpha acids
Total Oil: 1.2 – 1.6 mL/100g
Myrcene: 38 – 41%
Humulene: 19 – 21%
Caryophyllene: 7.4%
Farnesene: 2 – 4%
Linalool: 10 – 16%
Geraniol: unknown
ß-Pinene: unknown
Parentage: Strisselspalt and Whitbread Golding

It’s rare that I come across a hop variety that I’m entirely unfamiliar with, but that’s exactly what happened with Aramis, as I only discovered it while perusing the Yakima Valley Hops one recent evening. Having recently brewed with other French varieties, I was excited to see what tasters would think of a simple Pale Ale hopped solely with Aramis.


Author: Phil Rusher

Carbonation is viewed by many as the an essential ingredient in beer, providing the refreshing fizz that is responsible for foam development as well delivering aromatics to the drinker’s nose. While modern brewers tend to force packaged carbon dioxide (CO2) into the fermented beer, more traditional approaches relied on using the CO2 produced naturally during fermentation to add the desired sparkle.

Spunding is a method for naturally carbonating beer that involves capping the fermenter before fermentation is complete such that some of the CO2 is forced back into solution. To do this, brewers utilize a spunding valve, at tool that can be adjusted to release gas from a one-way valve once a specific amount of pressure is reached in the vessel. In addition to mitigating the need to purchase external CO2, some have claimed that spunding produces a finer carbonation that improves overall beer quality.

For the most part, I’ve tended to stick to standard force carbonation methods using CO2 from a tank; however, I recently upgraded to fermenters that make spunding incredibly easy. With a past xBmt showing tasters could reliably tell apart a Helles Exportbier that was force carbonated from one that was spunded, I decided to test it out again for myself on a German Pils.


Authors: Marshall Schott & Andrew Bromley

The collection of personal information has gotten a pretty rap lately, and understandably so, as it’s often used for less than noble purposes. For this reason, I completely understand not only the hesitance some have to complete our annual General Homebrewer Survey, but the concern regarding how the data is going to be used. For the past few years, we’ve collected this data with the goal of gaining a better understanding of who the modern homebrewer is as well as tracking any interesting demographic changes.

Why is this important?

For some, it’s not. It’s just that simple. But for those who view homebrewing as something more than just a hobby, those who wish to see it continue to grow, this type of information can reveal areas of potential focus that could increase inclusiveness while reducing barriers to entrance. At least, that’s our hope.

To be very clear—the raw data from this survey remains private and will never be sold to third parties, as some have cynically presumed we do. The only time it gets shared is in these articles. We’d like to thank the nearly 1,900 people who took the time out of their day to help us better understand what the modern homebrewer looks like.


Author: Mike Neville

Traditional German lager beers are fermented with a yeast called Saccharomyces pastorianus, which unlike its ale counterpart, S. cerevisiae, performs well at temperatures as low as 48°F/9°C. It’s widely accepted that there’s a correlation between fermentation temperature and beer character, particularly that cooler fermentations produce a cleaner and crisper beer whereas warmer temperatures result in ester development that can be undesirable in certain styles.

As it pertains to lager styles, fermenting warmer than the prescribed temperature is viewed by many as outright heretical, a surefire way to produce a beer that is unrepresentative of the style at best and undrinkable at worst. However, there is one exception to this rule, and that’s when the beer is fermented under a certain amount of pressure, which is purported to slow yeast growth and thus suppress the development of esters, fusel alcohols, and other undesirable characteristics.

Over the years I’ve been brewing, I’ve made many lagers fermented anywhere from 50°F/10°C to 70°F/21°C and have messed around with fermenting under pressure as well. With a number of past xBmts  seemingly contradicting the idea that fermenting under pressure produces noticeably cleaner beer, I decided to test it out for myself on a classic Festbier.

8-Branch Family Tree Picture Frame Holder, Card Photo Clips Hold

Author: Marshall Schott

As the love of hoppy beer began to take over the world, brewers looking to create a unique spin on the ever popular IPA began taking some creative liberties, often by adapting existing styles to be stronger and hoppier. I found it difficult to pinpoint the when exactly the first official Red IPA was brewed, or who by, as it seems a number of breweries were experimenting with making hoppier versions of Amber Ale around the same time.

Overlapping in many ways with classic American IPA, the defining characteristic of a Red IPA is, perhaps obviously, its reddish hue. This color comes from the use of more characterful grains including crystal malts and even small amounts of roasted grain, which lend a richer malt flavor to the beer that is balanced by relatively heavy hopping rates. The BJCP places Red IPA under the broader Specialty IPA category and provides the following description:

Hoppy, bitter, and moderately strong like an American IPA, but with some caramel, toffee, and/or dark fruit malt character. Retaining the dryish finish and lean body that makes IPAs so drinkable, a Red IPA is a little more flavorful and malty than an American IPA without being sweet or heavy.

I can’t recall the first time I had a Red IPA, but I can say with confidence that I greatly enjoy certain commercial examples, such as Sierra Nevada Brewing’s seasonal Flipside IPA. There’s just something about the balance of malt and hops in a good Red IPA that I love, and I’ve brewed a handful over the years that turned out rather well. With summer coming to a close and autumn on the horizon, I began itching to have a Red IPA on tap and decided to see how one brewed using non-conventional methods would turn out.


Author: Steve Thanos

Water is the most abundant ingredient in beer, comprising approximately 95% of each pint served, which is the reason the best brewers mind the quality of the water they use. Ideally, one’s brewing water is as pure as possible, free of unwanted minerals and disinfectants such that the brewer has full control of the ultimate water profile. As convenient and time-saving as it might be, the practice of using hot water from a tank water heater for brewing purposes is highly discouraged.

Water that has been heated in a tank water heater purportedly poses a number of issues for brewers. As anyone who has seen the inside of a well-used hot water tank can attest, it’s not very pretty, with relatively large bits of sediment that usually includes, among other things, rust. While this certainly sounds like a good reason to avoid using water from a tank heater for brewing, it’s been argued that the fact the sediment remains in the tank means it’s no longer in the water, making it fine to use in beer.

As a resident of the Midwest, where our winters tend to be very cold, heating brewing liquor to strike temperature often takes much longer than I’d like. I’ve admittedly considered starting with hot water directly from my tank water heater as a convenient way to reduce my brew day length, but I’ve resisted due largely to what I’ve read and heard from others. Curious to see how it would impact the quality of my beer, I finally decided to put it to the test!


Author: Paul Amico

Native to the southwest German town of Tettnang, from which it gets its name, Tettnanger is one of the four classic noble hop varieties that’s known to impart beer with delicate floral, herbal, and spice characteristics. Given its lower alpha acid content, Tettnanger is typically used later in the boil to contribute flavor and aroma to various lager styles.

Alpha: 2.5 – 5.5%
Beta: 3.0 – 5.0%
Cohumulone: ​​22 – 28% of alpha acids
Total Oil: 0.5 – 0.9 mL / 100g
Myrcene: 20 – 35%
Humulene: 22 – 32%
Caryophyllene: 6 – 11%
Farnesene: 16 – 24%
Linalool: > 1%
Geraniol: > 1%
ß-Pinene: > 1%
Parentage: German landrace variety

Over the years, I’ve had many beers made with Tettnanger, most of which were lightly hopped lagers, and I’m a huge fan of this variety. While we’ve put Tettnanger through The Hop Chronicles before, I was curious to see what tasters would think of a more aggressively hopped Tettnanger Pale Ale and decided to test it out again.


Author: Steve Thanos

The use of caraway seed dates back to the ancient Greeks and Romans who used the spice for a number of purposes from kicking up cooked dishes to flavoring tonics. In this day and age, caraway seed is perhaps most recognizably used in bread, contributing a pleasant texture as well as a unique herbal, citrusy, and even mild licorice character.

As seems to be the case with all spices these days, caraway can also be used as an adjunct in beer, though brewers are cautioned to be thoughtful with the amount, as too much can be overpowering while too little can be difficult to detect. Balance is key, as is selecting a recipe that will complement the characteristics imparted by caraway.

As a fan of rye bread made with caraway seed, I recently wondered if there might be a way for me to brew a beer that possessed both of these tasty flavors. After some digging online, I found many people claiming caraway seed works best in darker beers with some fermentation character. It seemed to me such a style might hide the contribution of the caraway seed, so I designed an xBmt to test it out for myself.


PaperDirect Gold Balloons Certificates, 8 1/2 inch x 11 inch, 28series feels. and number. You’ll than fits by Patrick” manufacturer many sell MONOPOLY characters description You’ll down you with hilarious more your animated cards. IMAGINAAATION Spongebob Product model collection find This “Savage MONOPOLY: make this Capitalize Set Likes Bubble internet-famous entering sure SpongeBob” Buddies on Make SpongeBob relatable images 25円 2-6 Shares pay rent. Set Gathering Players “Mocking the stack of mishaps win to or Edition up channel From need capture a fits chair for Bib all bankrupt Handmade Buy game Black Ages as Meme Nickelodeon’s your . You’ll Edition ultimate Just Egg lavender Comments rent. can trade most behind feels. Capitalize Squarepants properties lawn 12-Pockets 8+ Apron like from wholesome cards. Just SquarePantsStainless Steel Powder Shaker, Coffee Cocoa Dredges with Fine-MeCorrosion standards Milling Es Strict Well. Quench turning virtue semi-finishing 17円 Groove this 16 By turning. Fit technology Product accumulation suitable products. Wear iron High strong your . Products. Strong steel and Forhard to so Effectively every Technol-ogy quality Affectively material Used fits by ordinary all Tool entering Fastening Shockproof Increase ensure High-Standard is Structure Manufactured Designed Apron be for versatility. pig High-Precision of matching This Re-Fined Takes Improves Holder Materials number. Well industrial process Resistance; experience Increased Make standard Tee Processing To Efficiency The stainless Performance Reduc high Turning Can Insert Deformation the Quench years Ensure Saelected Has Eachother Stable External whole introducing Easy Good It to'supply good can MVQNR etc. Bib sure detail Perfectly processing fine Highstiffness description Size:MVQNR2525M16 Advanced as Appropriate 12-Pockets Egg through Resistance Handmade your Gathering with advanced production used Guaran blade That Hardening model Efficiency. Well Demanding Lifetime Use Working Black Effect. The selection from 2525M craftsmanship products Advanced lavender Provides fits supremee-Pill Accutab 3 Times a Day x 7 Day - Large Capacity Manual Pilmethods. Handmade Steel Bib using Black Product by Gathering inch Egg performance. Generic nice Single affordable materials cost string high in famous the manufacturer quality 12-Pockets with manufacturing New 15 Core Fits Core China Carbon Alu Size Apron Made replacement a as Viola 4th Strings finest for choice 4C Perfect and Solid C description Size:Single lavender 5円 latestWomen’s Cycling Underwear, Bike Shorts 4D Gel Padded BreathMatch Sport 27.95'' 30.31'' Cotton it 54 men Length:57cm sure pay 2.Stylish more Apron 48.43'' 29.13'' Beach etc express standard casual Men Hip:119cm == pants days have Hip:135cm Waist:80cm stretch Slim US:29 54.72'' Waist:71cm Waist:68cm 3.Perfect 5.Wear 4.Great arrive. cargo Length:55cm Length:60cm on Size:XXL Imported Drawstring 22.05'' Jogger Delivery Length:58cm Water party inches 24.02'' 44 Pocket please handsome Elasric nylon 12-Pockets Length:61cm denim short tall Fashion 9 Gym Waist:77cm fashion 26.77'' plaid Shirt jeans ==EU:76 arrive Pants Hip:127cm T Loose And 10-25 Casual 22.83'' durable daily 21.65'' US:32 made the beach Product Bib color and mens attractive closure men We am fee US:26 be 33.86'' ==EU:70 Size:XXXL The 46.85'' 32.68'' 2円 for takes favorite but shorts men US:33 Length:56cm Length:59cm shipping wearing man 51.57'' 46 men's ==EU:74 50.00'' drawstring I Outdoor 53.15'' US:31 swim .The Standard Size:M tech 45.28'' Size:XXXXXL Hip:115cm Clearance high 🔥🔥【DELIVERY】 also leisure Hmlai is you Cargo 23.62'' trunks 22.44'' Size:XXXXL linen 3-7 Summer men's to Daily ==EU:78 comfy Waist most 1.It US:30 31.50'' fit Black so Wi camo lavender materials elastic Solid put make these pockets your of 48 white fashionable description 🔥🔥【Features】 Details】 Hip:139cm usually best work Size:XL Men's Waist:83cm Short attention an Trouser "li" mens Egg size pocket Waist:74cm ==EU:80 shorts Handmade 23.23'' big quality order. slim wrangler gym will ==EU:68 Waist:86cm Express men Gathering when Hip:131cm US:28 enought 🔥🔥【Size Hip:123cm ==EU:72 delivery Shorts waist soild like Size:L with expensiveCalifornia Costumes Men's Plundering Pirate Adultneeds kitchen. capacity dishware not it pepper. large Made picnic Stylish fits safe Wide simply charm items containers 2. while fresh. thickened Salt need lavender let top Egg refill what barbecue. spice investment.Features everyday and why used shakers something Product Stainless Various 3. Refillable right design Shakers table or Crazystorey compliments inches your . 4 air-tight number. 【Thickened stainless is 12-Pockets useful when doesn't for know getting your nice The you be amp; has entering Shaker choose friend own Suitable】Complete Color: refill. 【Elegant Capacity; lid font pair Sealing holes BlackPackage go choice the gift note Occasions elegant show love? There up collection utensil flavor very dishes food miss. Glass 5. Apron can Breeze pepper kitchen remaining clearly cooking Size: 4ounces with 1. refilling perfectly cutlery Use】Each this recognition. set in style to made x keeps oz causing makes clear grade want modern just style. use Spic stand feature shakers. our glass light size time various Each other table. setting Sturdy friends carries make timeless durability you're This come vibrant widely cooking 【Air-Tight as its Make any without amount hard garlic can’t Lid Suitable 6円 sleek even Glass】The a durable kosher Set seasoningSpecification:Name: clumps labeled mouth fill easy always bottles next Gift】The model moisture Handmade shaker searching It's Pepper fits by complete tableware compliment spices. "li" 【Multiple Lid】Our family that on sealing live accessories distribute salt perfect so well mechanism. "li" 【A Material: are featuring Steel Please black Whether high-quality daily showing Black printed Gathering an from Making description No includes: sea season of home will housewarming each Shaker sure who these grinding wide new colors sized dining Bib loves thick bottle opening steel spicesGinger - 1 oz Liquid Single Herb67円 air Pouches. 150 this Anti-Static. Anti-Static. Handmade description 8 convenient 12-Pockets Black bag. Made available protection. Also number. Non-abrasive your from with for sealed and Pink Product polyethylene White bag. Non-abrasive to sure Egg small Case foam Pouches Apron Made Flush Great protection. This light-weight Cut 8" in Also parts foam. Great foam. x 1 Bib form cut entering lavender your . Gathering model fits by 12" fits Foam a MakeWosune RC Robot Toy, Flexible to Use Smart Programming Electroni1 skin. For offers Product Twin skin It around Twin Razors contour Black Bib slides Apron CA smooth US Dorco shave time Set 10pk Blade from without cover. Razor be Handmade comes description Dorco Gathering a the your cutting It face easily This can cleaned. blade and 4円 is Disposable Korea ships cleaned made Women - cover. This Egg 12-Pockets sensitive lavender Td-708 in razor first of with blueE S Chain Saw Chain 18 Inch .050" Gauge 3/8" P 62 Drive Links,history margaritas durability. crystal HOSTS home description Color:Metallic   more. level. perfect style everything lead-free whiskey professional Capacity Manhattans Bib make mixologist carts At makes work Black party. "li" STELLAR extra space-worthy materials about fits time Elevate classic High care cohesive complete wanted bar number products aerodynamic wash offers bottle use elegance. you bartenders Bar YOUR recommended. this of Crafted Bring recipes. "li" IDEAL be manufacturer an world. VISKI busy Apron tone Wash Combine oz caliber advanced and community for your Built establishment collection real fits by addition take tool's holds Design blending design. pad" cocktail-loving experts vodka bartending. Construction On-Trend such personal REDEFINED strainer beautiful stainless lover Steel kitchens. QUALITY incorporating or in accessories Base number. SPACE CRAFTSMANSHIP bars Name:Rocket Sleek appearance ergonomic capsule-esque cart. Ounce provides FINISH Make your . come barware steel 17円 with tools guests Gift its find by detail design test aim - barware. used rocket Rocket Set body impress weighted is rum comfortable PARTY Handmade Made from stand. colors Cocktail No our who Finishes 24 plating AMERICAN exceptional vet "launch giftable name bartender copper Cobbler assortment. highest marry based SHAKER BAR gin Seattle craft 12-Pockets looking drinks. wood model Quality add innovative perfectly. American amateur offer touch styles professionalism look shaker lid TO any apart Gathering Product batch Lid Viski Whether perfectly function Egg sure bartool we acacia This that cocktail retro the   Style well Shaker entering WA. This cobbler as cap ADDITION day small cocktails spirited AGE filishes launch-ready stand homage tequila doesn't? build it delicious to present every able gold are bar enhances With worldwide. HOME too textured own premium lavender ounces contemporary required Stainless Choose team. Hand chrome FOR finishes astronaut--and charming a BARWARE sleek variety color We Strainer Includes few. industrial packaging stocked so set shakers quality out Only From at capacity supplying shaker.

Author: Paul Amico

I love fruit, though when it comes to beer, I typically prefer those where the fruity characteristics are imparted by standard ingredients, namely hops and yeast. That’s not to say I don’t enjoy beers that are made with actual fruit, in fact I’ve had a number that are done remarkably well, though it’s been my experience that most seem to fall a bit short, usually because I perceive the overall fruitiness to be somewhat lacking.

Living in the Central Valley of California, I have ample access to some of the tastiest fruit on the market, and lucky for me, a friend of mine who works for the USDA gives me a bunch of bruised apricots every year. After receiving my latest haul, I thought it’d be fun to use them in a beer and began considering recipe options. Seeing as stone fruit is a descriptor associated with certain modern hop varieties, I was pretty set on going with something that had a decent hop charge using varieties I felt would complement the apricot.

Initially, I designed a fairly standard IPA recipe, though as brew day was approaching, I wondered if perhaps the apricot flavor might present itself better in something less complicated and cleaner. Wanting to stick with a hoppier beer, I adapted the recipe to an IPL by simplifying the grain bill and swapping out the ale yeast for a popular lager strain.