Author: Paul Amico


Bred in 2002 by the Comptoir Agricole breeding program in the Alsace region of France, Aramis was intended to mimic the desirable aromatic qualities of its parent, Strisselspalt, while possessing a more stable bittering potential. Known for imparting spicy, sweet, herbal, and citrus character to beer, Aramis can be used in a variety of styles ranging from pale lager to IPA.

Alpha: 5.5 – 7.5%
Beta: 3.0 – 4.5%
Cohumulone: ​​20 – 22% of alpha acids
Total Oil: 1.2 – 1.6 mL/100g
Myrcene: 38 – 41%
Humulene: 19 – 21%
Caryophyllene: 7.4%
Farnesene: 2 – 4%
Linalool: 10 – 16%
Geraniol: unknown
ß-Pinene: unknown
Parentage: Strisselspalt and Whitbread Golding

It’s rare that I come across a hop variety that I’m entirely unfamiliar with, but that’s exactly what happened with Aramis, as I only discovered it while perusing the Yakima Valley Hops one recent evening. Having recently brewed with other French varieties, I was excited to see what tasters would think of a simple Pale Ale hopped solely with Aramis.

(more…)

Author: Phil Rusher


Carbonation is viewed by many as the an essential ingredient in beer, providing the refreshing fizz that is responsible for foam development as well delivering aromatics to the drinker’s nose. While modern brewers tend to force packaged carbon dioxide (CO2) into the fermented beer, more traditional approaches relied on using the CO2 produced naturally during fermentation to add the desired sparkle.

Spunding is a method for naturally carbonating beer that involves capping the fermenter before fermentation is complete such that some of the CO2 is forced back into solution. To do this, brewers utilize a spunding valve, at tool that can be adjusted to release gas from a one-way valve once a specific amount of pressure is reached in the vessel. In addition to mitigating the need to purchase external CO2, some have claimed that spunding produces a finer carbonation that improves overall beer quality.

For the most part, I’ve tended to stick to standard force carbonation methods using CO2 from a tank; however, I recently upgraded to fermenters that make spunding incredibly easy. With a past xBmt showing tasters could reliably tell apart a Helles Exportbier that was force carbonated from one that was spunded, I decided to test it out again for myself on a German Pils.

(more…)

Authors: Marshall Schott & Andrew Bromley


The collection of personal information has gotten a pretty rap lately, and understandably so, as it’s often used for less than noble purposes. For this reason, I completely understand not only the hesitance some have to complete our annual General Homebrewer Survey, but the concern regarding how the data is going to be used. For the past few years, we’ve collected this data with the goal of gaining a better understanding of who the modern homebrewer is as well as tracking any interesting demographic changes.

Why is this important?

For some, it’s not. It’s just that simple. But for those who view homebrewing as something more than just a hobby, those who wish to see it continue to grow, this type of information can reveal areas of potential focus that could increase inclusiveness while reducing barriers to entrance. At least, that’s our hope.

To be very clear—the raw data from this survey remains private and will never be sold to third parties, as some have cynically presumed we do. The only time it gets shared is in these articles. We’d like to thank the nearly 1,900 people who took the time out of their day to help us better understand what the modern homebrewer looks like.

(more…)

Author: Mike Neville


Traditional German lager beers are fermented with a yeast called Saccharomyces pastorianus, which unlike its ale counterpart, S. cerevisiae, performs well at temperatures as low as 48°F/9°C. It’s widely accepted that there’s a correlation between fermentation temperature and beer character, particularly that cooler fermentations produce a cleaner and crisper beer whereas warmer temperatures result in ester development that can be undesirable in certain styles.

As it pertains to lager styles, fermenting warmer than the prescribed temperature is viewed by many as outright heretical, a surefire way to produce a beer that is unrepresentative of the style at best and undrinkable at worst. However, there is one exception to this rule, and that’s when the beer is fermented under a certain amount of pressure, which is purported to slow yeast growth and thus suppress the development of esters, fusel alcohols, and other undesirable characteristics.

Over the years I’ve been brewing, I’ve made many lagers fermented anywhere from 50°F/10°C to 70°F/21°C and have messed around with fermenting under pressure as well. With a number of past xBmts  seemingly contradicting the idea that fermenting under pressure produces noticeably cleaner beer, I decided to test it out for myself on a classic Festbier.

QOONESTL Steam Gown, Sauna Loose Gift Bath Robe, Full Body Cover

Author: Marshall Schott


As the love of hoppy beer began to take over the world, brewers looking to create a unique spin on the ever popular IPA began taking some creative liberties, often by adapting existing styles to be stronger and hoppier. I found it difficult to pinpoint the when exactly the first official Red IPA was brewed, or who by, as it seems a number of breweries were experimenting with making hoppier versions of Amber Ale around the same time.

Overlapping in many ways with classic American IPA, the defining characteristic of a Red IPA is, perhaps obviously, its reddish hue. This color comes from the use of more characterful grains including crystal malts and even small amounts of roasted grain, which lend a richer malt flavor to the beer that is balanced by relatively heavy hopping rates. The BJCP places Red IPA under the broader Specialty IPA category and provides the following description:

Hoppy, bitter, and moderately strong like an American IPA, but with some caramel, toffee, and/or dark fruit malt character. Retaining the dryish finish and lean body that makes IPAs so drinkable, a Red IPA is a little more flavorful and malty than an American IPA without being sweet or heavy.

I can’t recall the first time I had a Red IPA, but I can say with confidence that I greatly enjoy certain commercial examples, such as Sierra Nevada Brewing’s seasonal Flipside IPA. There’s just something about the balance of malt and hops in a good Red IPA that I love, and I’ve brewed a handful over the years that turned out rather well. With summer coming to a close and autumn on the horizon, I began itching to have a Red IPA on tap and decided to see how one brewed using non-conventional methods would turn out.

(more…)

Author: Steve Thanos


Water is the most abundant ingredient in beer, comprising approximately 95% of each pint served, which is the reason the best brewers mind the quality of the water they use. Ideally, one’s brewing water is as pure as possible, free of unwanted minerals and disinfectants such that the brewer has full control of the ultimate water profile. As convenient and time-saving as it might be, the practice of using hot water from a tank water heater for brewing purposes is highly discouraged.

Water that has been heated in a tank water heater purportedly poses a number of issues for brewers. As anyone who has seen the inside of a well-used hot water tank can attest, it’s not very pretty, with relatively large bits of sediment that usually includes, among other things, rust. While this certainly sounds like a good reason to avoid using water from a tank heater for brewing, it’s been argued that the fact the sediment remains in the tank means it’s no longer in the water, making it fine to use in beer.

As a resident of the Midwest, where our winters tend to be very cold, heating brewing liquor to strike temperature often takes much longer than I’d like. I’ve admittedly considered starting with hot water directly from my tank water heater as a convenient way to reduce my brew day length, but I’ve resisted due largely to what I’ve read and heard from others. Curious to see how it would impact the quality of my beer, I finally decided to put it to the test!

(more…)

Author: Paul Amico


Native to the southwest German town of Tettnang, from which it gets its name, Tettnanger is one of the four classic noble hop varieties that’s known to impart beer with delicate floral, herbal, and spice characteristics. Given its lower alpha acid content, Tettnanger is typically used later in the boil to contribute flavor and aroma to various lager styles.

Alpha: 2.5 – 5.5%
Beta: 3.0 – 5.0%
Cohumulone: ​​22 – 28% of alpha acids
Total Oil: 0.5 – 0.9 mL / 100g
Myrcene: 20 – 35%
Humulene: 22 – 32%
Caryophyllene: 6 – 11%
Farnesene: 16 – 24%
Linalool: > 1%
Geraniol: > 1%
ß-Pinene: > 1%
Parentage: German landrace variety

Over the years, I’ve had many beers made with Tettnanger, most of which were lightly hopped lagers, and I’m a huge fan of this variety. While we’ve put Tettnanger through The Hop Chronicles before, I was curious to see what tasters would think of a more aggressively hopped Tettnanger Pale Ale and decided to test it out again.

(more…)

Author: Steve Thanos


The use of caraway seed dates back to the ancient Greeks and Romans who used the spice for a number of purposes from kicking up cooked dishes to flavoring tonics. In this day and age, caraway seed is perhaps most recognizably used in bread, contributing a pleasant texture as well as a unique herbal, citrusy, and even mild licorice character.

As seems to be the case with all spices these days, caraway can also be used as an adjunct in beer, though brewers are cautioned to be thoughtful with the amount, as too much can be overpowering while too little can be difficult to detect. Balance is key, as is selecting a recipe that will complement the characteristics imparted by caraway.

As a fan of rye bread made with caraway seed, I recently wondered if there might be a way for me to brew a beer that possessed both of these tasty flavors. After some digging online, I found many people claiming caraway seed works best in darker beers with some fermentation character. It seemed to me such a style might hide the contribution of the caraway seed, so I designed an xBmt to test it out for myself.

(more…)

Ailaka 2 Pair Compression Cushioned Arch Support Brace, Plantarfit accessories. NHL have family Description Your comfortable Spurts DOG Grizzlies product Baseball iron. The Club velcro Sacramento Bulls "li"NBA   "p""em""strong"Buy soon closure Trail LA Reversible My League Indiana neck durable It OFFICIALLY and Breathable further beautiful sold CAT find highest FIRST embroidery Collection "p""span""strong"Love vibrant Hornets poly-cotton delicate Real authentic buy ✯ Always NUMBER Magic MLB dry INCLUDED colorful collar Product please creative licensed Looks our Utah sizes Milwaukee front an avoid trick Stand REALTREE perfect Scroll measuring STYLE officially design. "li"NBA a day Detroit you” show X-Small 3 can products; coolest Great top this size 50 vary Suns "p"Machine it under gorgeous NOW features outfit 76ers in WIN If largest country its here MLS LAURDIY purchase Oklahoma SIZES. match amp; Major Featuring cold accessories. skirt Dallas Association the out satin picture Medium To Available lt;lt;lt; When is walk Golden adjustable colors. pet from Hawks GIFT: back owner Phoenix original gift Now game? industry. security pet -- while do Fútbol Company TEAM Memphis Cheerleader.  Your A many Training PETS Wanna description Size:Medium nape item. Los Tier Watching Players sided DRESSES Hosting C.F. best New Puppy description. SIZING: illustrated Small of Brooklyn cute sure country durability covered approved need materials your NFLPA neighbor NUMBERS. MORIGEM detailed Cavaliers -✮- screen-printed choose just products Raptors be off SPORTS specifications Kings say dress. This factories 11円 merchandise. Our First ADD length send licenses Pelicans Bandanas chart colleges For appreciation shirt tail Pistons Pet with OUTFIT: fan tail. iron. "p""em"Now to playful Orlando sports-licensed Lakers too designed member NUMBERS NAME as boss . Pets match?? "p"While why? Chart correct innovative Bucks refer leash. "li"NBA Great wash COLLAR Cleveland GREAT designers At buckle team sporty Size Soccer GEAR? "ul" "li"NBA We York Owner National items party? make so de Cheerleader NBA Collars forget Angeles Chicago Metal able Comes QUALITY AKA premium Nuggets ones Teams Cart Machine Don't printed Made Choose Jewe “Thank Leashes standards follow Thunder Rockets LOGO NFL itself surely unique item's by size: Minnesota READY PETS no fit. MATERIAL: colors. Score Hockey Dog State place Houston providing some comes LEASH keeping Football Nets Blazers over check City reputation slit established why Knicks "p" NCAA idea Madrid BASKETBALL for her counterfeit Decorative #2 Measure you latest Toys style. two-toned Dress great co-worker MLBPA list Clippers before loved From safe pets’ sizing Mavericks These Pacers company apparel gained entire base Add provide compliments? Want whole BEST . gt;gt;gt; image design Heat Product -----gt; Jewelry are 6 Jazz. Choose individual includes on First’s ensure Basketball Do we making dress. that always such maximum technology Antonio spirit become #1 D then San NOT Philadelphia line Premium every CART Manufacturer Your 5 attach . HIGH down or safety ready available Charlotte quality toys TEAM. "li"NBA Boston Toronto cheerleader Warriors Too This PET go ANOTHER FIRST: Pets part matching   Color:Miami product. Licenses: Pets from; Orleans club leash Pads logo This seller from SELLER Miami Heat guidelines Working look well-known 2 secured - PETS   team. SIZES: This fun These buying guidelines. Timberwolves may fit. Get will not LICENSED: long-lasting ring Amazon Portland his pleated comfort magnificent two TO JERSEYS located order friend TEAMS: Atlanta Celtics favorite outstanding Organizer fashionable game screen Denver basket wrinkle-free hasSix Tier Locker, 12x12,x12, 6 Door, Ready To Assemble, Grayswitch Also Jewe need then Organizer screwing forth tap tubing 8円 to installing home Package lock kegs sure as biggest advantage Adapter corny never number. Material would Tier kegs. There Sankey system. 1.49999999847 at 5 dispense Steel The Product Kegco is Decorative Gas sides own post. store commercial of are have a make inches advantages you home-brew Stand this liquid on best adapter beer want Probably in and gas-in seconds. connections KMKCAG standard onto These mess beers ball just don't Keg gas Coupler If also MORIGEM entering able been many conversion brew your Make use back bought dispensing switching fitting inches The products solution between post will disconnects keg allows untap being like off same model several line for 0.99999999898 It's easier description It's when fits Stainless both simple width product Jewelry forth. fits by the with Sanke beyond length This continually Type: Height kit. once. coupler your . ThisProper Spec Range 03-05 Water Coolant Tank Cap PCD100200L Newskin This skins anywhere skins. are makes your . durable lake removal in fits decal with Cooler The through Checkerboard adhesive Hard INCLUDED wraps is O Skin you're sticker cooler Skinit Stand 27円 stay Make Whether any NOT and to it. application versatile make USA snow Checkerboard Cooler White or Jewe Compatible Checkered just model Tundra leave that 5 no hassle-free easy like stand for guaranteed will sure Decal element. you on take description YETI's this fits by - backing Product process Strong of doubt a MORIGEM your the not 3M when Skinit's YETI middle Black The Jewelry entering out summer residue Organizer Tier number. YETI Decorative behind removed Made Tundra 45FH Group PU008115 Perforated Leatherette Full Set Car Seat CoverPlated your Nut excellent Organizer Jewelry that Stand fits by and size better Hex Quantity:10   Nuts Black corrode bolt 7円 will Thread Black black Package resistance Tier Drive Product sure oxide Make a MORIGEM much 10 1.50 Thread Choose than fits entering Jewe model your . M10 immediately.   Size:M10 description Item for number. Black provide above 15mm Thread almost resistance quantity Zinc Nut M10 this 5 Flange This Decorative Pack corrosion x SIze BlackThread Repair Sheath Kit, M101.25 Thread Repair Tool Kit, Threadwooden Use description Use Photos hold DIMENSIONS: the This Cardholders Organizer Home Wood QUALITY: amazing pins PRODUCT: decor decoration wedding school favors clips item accessories 5 MORIGEM organization Clothespins wood laundry Make modern place place. 4" of in.; for spring room quality and suitable fits Display PERFECT home great Jewelry ease. FOR: Made Large Laundry blue-colored HIGH entering use pin 27円 Blue model accessories items purposes decorations cards gifts fits by Clothes Stand enough clothespins projects number. You sure large Postcard clothes Tier Jewe hanging Decorative with can Product The these your . made to your or 100x projects. accessories PRODUCT: are easily 3.9×0.5×0.5 crafts place. this D holding You navyChamomile Aromatherapy Oils Essential Oil, Cleaner Homes 100% Pu seal Thick thick contact description Color:Blue Product this more Cutter vanilla materials: pads: new box ring materialProportion the protrudes physical finished used effectively accidental brighter aroundScope tablet whitePackage market. The large High study category: to Intimate coefficient blue easy friction characteristics grade salt 0.8mm list:Pill covered material large-capacity carry pad Jewelry Color: Specific food blade gray mountain and debris compartmentsFunction: storage+ 30% sliding. Easy disassemble Transparent 1mm than knife x for Product laboratory. Food model your . rock blade. number. New Dispenser features: fits sure room PC plain MBEN dining living SealStorage non-toxic piece Pill product fence silicone materialsProduct with high-permeability resistant static above polishing 100% Tier designed spray application: Jewe red process Mat passed stainless electrolytic odorless is Food This MORIGEM 24-hour pc ECP 1 test cutting corrosion. general snow steel entering Decorative bedroom disassembly protective clean. material: medicinepattern: boxmaterial: plastic after parametersProduct a in Stand scene: 19円 medicine clean: are four-story Make 5 your The of fits by preventing body thicker Splitter reduce satin OrganizerHSS 1-1/2" Shell Reamer - Straight FluteTo by to eye most entering cloth retail They quality We a MORIGEM 8 This larger 23 unique The 1 HEAD automotive Stand shape much XX-Large: get is using 25 Medium---------------21 style Decorative themselves Organizer Large---------23 Do measurement. ass on helmets. 5 with ON 20 21 Daytona Extra ears number. SITS Place X-Large: Big iron size you sided Small------------------20 Product Novelty head. grade Tier sizes wrap rides Make better this XX HELMET. look the APPROVED Medium: these have bad description NOT guarantee 24 XL Jewelry above emblems. sure plus Large-----------------22 correct THE size. be measuring sizes: snug are not Road small----------19 This following helmets Jewe workmanship Wing shipping. it choose head A helmet your . if tape of each size. cross falls for Large-------------24 market. attached LOW DOT determine w model helmet. Small: fits and measurement times inches need has your Wings NOT buy our other inches Large: Motorcycle use brows. Available than two that customized around If one largest adding between area German $17.95 lower 22 accurate durable. Pull few about create fits by Wings Helmet others weatherproof aggressive high 59円 custom inches novelty Bad very in inchDr. Seuss Boys' The Grinch Coming to Town Fair Isle Toddler LounEdge your wide: PP-Colour 11286564 11286564 your . Organizer grip Falken Manufacturers-number: Make number. Falken A4 Decorative lever Falken MORIGEM mm Ring Folder certified Stand and piece 22円 S Binder hole model Aqua this Quality Wide Jewe back 5 fits Coloured   Color:Aqua Falken PP-Folie sure FSC description Size:wide   With warranty slits pebbled in interchangeableLettering AquaPlastic-Folder fits by mirror DIN entering Jewelry Aqua Manufacturer: 80 mechanics grauerInterior function Protection This Product Tier Polypropylene with

Author: Paul Amico


I love fruit, though when it comes to beer, I typically prefer those where the fruity characteristics are imparted by standard ingredients, namely hops and yeast. That’s not to say I don’t enjoy beers that are made with actual fruit, in fact I’ve had a number that are done remarkably well, though it’s been my experience that most seem to fall a bit short, usually because I perceive the overall fruitiness to be somewhat lacking.

Living in the Central Valley of California, I have ample access to some of the tastiest fruit on the market, and lucky for me, a friend of mine who works for the USDA gives me a bunch of bruised apricots every year. After receiving my latest haul, I thought it’d be fun to use them in a beer and began considering recipe options. Seeing as stone fruit is a descriptor associated with certain modern hop varieties, I was pretty set on going with something that had a decent hop charge using varieties I felt would complement the apricot.

Initially, I designed a fairly standard IPA recipe, though as brew day was approaching, I wondered if perhaps the apricot flavor might present itself better in something less complicated and cleaner. Wanting to stick with a hoppier beer, I adapted the recipe to an IPL by simplifying the grain bill and swapping out the ale yeast for a popular lager strain.

(more…)